In the 1920s, as the new Soviet state temporarily retreated from the revolutionary path to socialism, the party also adopted a less ideological approach in its relations with the rest of the world. Lenin, ever the practical leader, having become convinced that socialist revolution would not break out in other countries in the near future, realized that his government required normal relations with the Western world for it to survive.

Not only were good relations important to national security, but the economy also required trade with the industrial countries. Blocking Soviet attainment of these objectives were lingering suspicions about communism on the part of the Western powers and concern over foreign debts incurred by the tsarist government, which the Soviet government had unilaterally repudiated.

1920s. A woman selling her family jewels in a market in Moscow.
1927. Construction of the Central Telegraph in Moscow.
1928. On the beach in Yalta.
1928. The Red Riviera, Yalta.
1928. Shoeshiners in Batumi.
7 November, 1928. Celebrating the 11th anniversary of the revolution on Uritsky Square in Leningrad
1929. Passersby view posters in Leningrad.
1929. Only a few people such as engineers and opera singers can afford to hire babysitters.
17 December, 1929. The current status of the former royal architecture on Nevsky Prospekt street in Leningrad.
1930s. On the streets of Kharkov.
1930s. Spontaneous market.
1930. The Moscow trial engineers.
1930. Trading goods in Ligovka, Leningrad.
1930 Rush hour on the streets of Leningrad.
1931. Tractor plant in Stalingrad.
1931. Soviet tourists visiting London.
1931. Posters in Stalingrad.
1931. Textile factory in Tiflis.
1931. Surface asphalt Leningradskoe Shosse in Moscow.
1929. The first skyscrapers in Kharkov.
1929. View of Yalta.
1932. Aluminum plant in Leningrad.
1930s. In the area of Rosa Luxemburg in Kharkov.

You might also like these vintage photos of Russia that show the Battle of Leningrad.

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